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CCTP 11th Workshop:14th Five-Year Plan: Charging Infrastructure Planning

On November 3rd, 2020, the China Clean Transportation Partnership (CCTP), World Resources Institute (WRI) and Beijing Institute of Transport Development (BITD) jointly organized the 11th seminar -- 14th Five-Year Plan: Discussions and Recommendations for Charging Infrastructure Planning. More than 30 experts from 25 different institutions nad organisations participated in the conference to discuss the challenges and development trends of charging infrastructure planning.

Background

The development of electric vehicles is important for mitigating climate change and reducing air pollution from mobile sources, while their own growth cannot be achieved without the support of a charging infrastructure. China has the world's largest electric vehicle market: by the end of 2019, there were 3.81 million new-energy vehicles in China (Ministry of Public Security 2020); According to the target set by the New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035) (consultation draft), the proportion of new-energy vehicle sales in China will rise from 4.7% in 2019 to 25% in 2025 around (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology et al., 2019).

During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, the demand for the construction of charging points will continue to increase in order to support the stable development of electric vehicles in the future.In order to alleviate the economic downturn caused by the Coronavirus epidemic, charging infrastructure has been listed as one of the key industries of "new infrastructure" in China, which will leverage the investment of billions of yuan to boost the industry.However, the Guide for the Development of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure (2015-2020) issued at the beginning of the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan set a target of 100 thousand, 2.2 million and 2.5 million piles for different regions, but this target has not been met satisfactorily. Private piles in residential areas are still plagued by a shortage of parking spaces, limited distribution network capacity, fire protection and greening, while public charging stations are also plagued by low (comprehensive) utilisation rates and a lack of business models. Since 2020 is the year of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan, how cities and regions can seize the opportunity of the 'new infrastructure' and plan their charging infrastructure in a rational manner has become a key issue.

Discussion

The saminar was moderated by Mr. Daizong Liu, Director of the Sustainable Cities Project at the World Resources Institute, who said that the State Council's release of the "New Energy Vehicle 2020-2035 Industrial Planning" is a very propitious news for promoting the future planning of charging infrastructure in the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan.

At the beginning of the meeting, Dr. Feng An, Executive Director of the Executive Committee of China Clean Transport Partnership and Executive Director of the Energy and Transportation Innovation Center, introduced the CCTP overview and delivered a welcome speech. Mr. Kai Liu, Director of Technology and Certification Department of China Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Promotion Alliance, Mr. Haiming Xie, Director of Shenzhen Xieli Innovation Center, Mr. Jun Yang, Director of the Second Planning Department of Beijing Transportation Development Institute, and Ms. Lulu Xue, Director of China Urban Transportation Project of World Resources Institute, respectively gave leading speeches. Mr. Kai Liu discussed the problems of charging pile infrastructure policy and industry development, in particular, the difficulties of settling payments for charging and the development of charging technology are being discussed. Mr Haiming Xie introduced the experience of the development of charging infrastructure in Shenzhen and the future development priorities of “the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan”. Mr. Jun Yang discusses the development of Beijing's charging infrastructure and makes recommendations for the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan stage. Ms. Lulu Xue provided the business model and development experience of charging infrastructure from an international perspective.

During the seminar, Mr. Lili Li, Chief Strategy Officer and Deputy Director of the New Energy Vehicle Energy Storage Institute Sichuan Energy Internet Research Institute Tsinghua University, interpreted the completion of the guidelines for the development of charging infrastructure in the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan and the outlook for the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan were explained, pointing out the importance of target setting. Mr. Jian Liu, associate researcher of Energy Research Institute National Development And Reform Commission, Mr. Feng Ni, the deputy director of International Department of NARI Group Corporation, Ms. Juan Liu the senior product manager of NIO, they separately discussed how different types of charging infrastructure are positioned in the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan, the focus of different types of charging infrastructure in development and planning, and how charging infrastructure standard planning can be upgraded.

Mr. Ye Yang, Technical Expert of State Grid Electric Vehicle Services Co, Mr. Pengfei Ou, CATARC (Tianjin) Automotive Consulting Co., Ltd. Ms. Jingjing Zhang, the Secretary General of Shenzhen Electric Vehicle Operating Association, Dr. Jiangyu Ran, the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design Transport Branch, Mr. Mingyu Pan, Head of Electric Vehicle Technology Department Beijing Electric Power Technology coliaboration, Mr. Jie Yang, manager of Shanghai Electric Vehicle Public Data Collecting, Monitoring and Research Center, Mr. Yang Yu, business Director of Didi Xiaoju Charging Division, Mr. Zheng Ding, Sales Director of BAIC TELD (Beijing) New Energy Technology Co., Ms. Liping Kang, Senior Governmental Affairs Specialist of DIDI Mobility Services, Mr. Zhe Wang, Director of Transportation Programs at Rocky Mountain Institute and other guests discussed and advised from their own perspectives on the contradiction between the demand for charging in residential communities and the backwardness of charging infrastructure construction, as well as the low utilization rate of public charging stations and the lack of business models. The meeting was also interspersed with a voting session of on-site research, which added more collision of views and vitality to the discussion in a novel way.

CCTP 11th Seminar

Mr. Huiming Gong, Director of the Executive Committee of the China Clean Transportation Partnership and Senior Program Director of the Transportation Program, Energy Foundation China, concluded the meeting by asking questions that need to be considered in the process of charging infrastructure-related development, pointing out the importance of cooperation at all levels in the implementation of charging infrastructure planning, and finally encouraging experts, scholars and industry practitioners to work together to lay a leading example for achieving comprehensive electricity.